Question Mark Guardian (1995)

Questionmark Network Guardian manual cover

Question Mark Guardian (also called Network Guardian) was an add-on companion to Question Mark Designer for Windows which allowed you to control who has access to exams, tests, surveys and quizzes – including:

  • Maintain user records for testing
  • Limit access to particular users
  • Limit access to groups of users
  • Generate unique passwords
  • Provide time-windows for tests
  • Limit number of times for a test
  • Ensure tests are taken in sequence
  • Import user names and passwords

According to contemporary documentation, Question Mark Guardian helps you resolve your security problems. With Guardian you can:

  • Give users or groups of users access to certain question files, and prevent others from accessing the same questions;
  • Prevent people from giving a false name when they answer questions, by assigning a password to each user;
  • Stop users from being able to take a test more than once;
  • Stop people from running a test before it is released or after it has expired;
  • Ensure that users cannot attempt an advanced test without passing a simpler one first;
  • Keep a record of who does what and what their score is, thus preventing unscrupulous users from attempting a test and trying to hide this from you;
  • Assign users to groups within Question Mark Guardian so that you can look at results on a group basis.

Evidence of its release and availability:

Evidence of its functionality:

The first version of Network Guardian was called version 2.1. The user manual was printed in May 1995, ISBN 1 872089 13 5. The user manual has been uploaded to this site with the permission of the copyright holder.

Feel free to post any questions on Question Mark (Network) Guardian, and I will try to answer.

John Kleeman, May 25, 2012

Question Mark Perception v2 (1999)

Question Mark Perception Server v2 manual cover

Question Mark Perception version 2 was released in July 1999 and was a significant milestone in this assessment management system, building on the release of version 1 and adding security, reporting, multimedia and integration amongst other capabilities.

The main function of the software was to enables users to create their own tests, surveys, questionnaires, and assessments for use via the web or an intranet.

Key capabilities:

  • Author questions and organize in topics
  • Select questions (including at random) and put in assessments
  • Control access to assessments securely, with a functional and innovative security model (see chapter 4 of the server manual for a description)
  • Deliver over the web
  • Support of a secure browser
  • Integrate with Learning Management and other systems
  • Report on the results

Evidence of its release and availability:

Evidence of its functionality:

Feel free to post any questions on Perception version 2 and I will try to answer.

John Kleeman, May 23 2012



Welcome to, a site that documents prior art in assessment software. The site contains some examples of assessment software history – and would welcome more – see the About page for more about the site and the How to contribute page if you are interested in contributing.